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Friction materials such as belt systems, clutches, drive-chains and brake shoes, these generally occur in heavy factory machinery. AS you can see from the photos they’re marked with “Danger Contains Asbestos”.

These sorts of items can contain up to 70% white asbestos, so care need to be taken. 

Asbestos gaskets are common on all plant machinery, cars, boiler systems etc. These contain up to 90% asbestos and are easily damaged. Removing the residue without realising can easily expose people.

Asbestos textiles, because asbestos can be easily woven and integrated into other materials it makes it extremely versatile in fire blankets, ropes etc. These are typically 100% compressed white asbestos; the compression helps with the danger level.


Screw fix, rather than using raw plugs a substance would be removed and chewed to lube it and then placed in the hole and screwed into, afterward it would solidify and lock the screw in place, however, its recently come to light the substance that was chewed contained asbestos.

The asbestos paper felt and card, are used as lagging in boiler systems and other pipework. Typically 100% white asbestos and it’s easily damaged. Check under traditional pipe lagging for these products, as you can see from the photos the paper is on the inside through the pipe lagging.

Asbestos insulation boards or AIB’s, these have a wide range of asbestos and typically contain 25% brown asbestos because of the extended combustion range, allowing more time for evacuation in case of fire.

Composite boards and mill-boards used throughout for damp proofing and sound insulation. Composite boards contained up to 40% asbestos mill-boards up to 97% white asbestos.

In the photos, we can see some different examples composite boards and mill-boards such as those used in schools with the small holes in it.

In this photograph we have reinforced glass replaced with the asbestos insulating board because it wouldn’t shatter and send glass everywhere, however now has a huge warning label on it.

In a block of flats, asbestos can be found directly under the windows, this is common due to the water resistance, as rain flows down the windows it simply flows down and away from the windows.

Listen to the example story of the window remover and take notes of the key message.

In this photo, we see Asbestolux, a ceiling tile used up until 1999. One the ban came in 1999.